CPD involves any activity where the individual is learning. CPD can incorporate a range of formal, informal and work-based activities. It may occur on the job through day-to-day experiences, performance reviews, journal clubs, peer discussion, in-service training, critical analysis and personal reflection. Clinical supervision, lecturing, clinical teaching, writing reports, significant incident analysis and research are also identified as CPD activities. Healthcare professionals also learn from direct association with peers and colleagues, and from interaction between team members and with service users/clients. ‘There is also a growing trend to acknowledge the value of interprofessional and team based CPD– ‘CPD should recognise the benefits of learning across professional boundaries’ (GMC, 2003). This can be as a result of planned inter-professional education or can happen spontaneously in the workplace.

Examples of CPD activities are listed below. This list is not exhaustive and provides some examples of CPD activities. Each professional body will categorise CPD activities in various ways e.g. Professional Activities, Formal, Informal, Work- based learning, self-directed activities.

  • Attending Courses, conferences and in-services
  •  Student education.
  • Writing articles for a newsletter or journal.
  • Active involvement in your professional association or committees
  • Further education and research
  • Coaching of and from others
  • Discussion about a clinical case with colleagues
  • Peer review
  • Involvement in wider work of employer
  • Work shadowing (this can also involve shadowing a professional from another discipline)
  • Clinical audit.
  • Secondments
  • Job rotation
  • Attending or organising a journal club
  • Reading journal articles.
  • Supervision of staff/student
  •  Presenting at an in-service or workshop
  • Developing new policies or procedures for the workplace
  • Resolution of conflict.
  • Organising courses.
  • Involvement in your professional body
  • Membership of special interest groups.
  • Reflective practice